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Determinants of Psychosocial Distress in Breast Cancer Patients at a Safety Net Hospital

Published:August 02, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clbc.2021.06.011

      Abstract

      Introduction

      Psychosocial distress screening of cancer patients is an American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer mandate for accredited cancer programs. We evaluated psychosocial distress in breast cancer patients to characterize risk factors for high distress scores at a safety net hospital.

      Materials and Methods

      The psychosocial distress screening form includes a list of potential issues and a distress score scaled from 1 through 10. Psychosocial distress screening results were retrospectively analyzed, along with patient demographics and clinical data. Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test was applied to identify predictors for high distress scores, which were defined as a score of 5 and greater.

      Results

      775 distress screens were completed by 171 breast cancer patients. High distress scores were reported in 21.3%. Patients who had no evidence of disease at time of screening were less likely to report a high distress score compared to those who were newly diagnosed or in active treatment (odds ratio 0.51, 95% CI, 0.38-0.68, P< .0001). Patients with high distress scores were more likely to report concerns with insurance (29.1% vs. 7.6%, P< .0001), transportation (16.4% vs. 4.6%, P< .0001), housing (15.2% vs 2.1%, P< .0001), sadness/depression (63.6% vs. 14.1, P< .0001), and physical issues (89.1% vs. 52.8%, P< .0001).

      Conclusion

      Status of cancer at time of screening, particularly newly diagnosed cancer and active treatment of cancer were associated with high distress scores in this patient group. While there should be an emphasis to ensure patients with these risk factors receive psychosocial distress screening, routine periodic screening for all patients should continue to be implemented to ensure quality cancer care.

      Keywords

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