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Comparison of Immediate Breast Reconstruction Outcomes in Patients With and Without Prior Cosmetic Breast Surgery

Published:August 05, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clbc.2021.07.016

      Abstract

      Background

      Skin-sparing (SSM) and nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) with immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) have significantly increased. There is limited information on complications of IBR in patients with prior cosmetic breast surgery (CBS). We compare IBR outcomes in patients undergoing SSM and/or NSM with and without prior CBS.

      Materials and Methods

      Patients undergoing mastectomy from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019 were selected. Patient characteristics, surgical approach, and complications were compared between mastectomy and IBR cases for breasts with and without prior CBS. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of complications and reconstruction loss.

      Results

      956 mastectomies were performed in 697 patients, with IBR performed for 545 mastectomies in 356 patients. Median age was 51 (range 19-83), 45.8% of patients were age < 50, 62.6% of mastectomies were performed for breast cancer. 95 mastectomies (17.4%) were performed in breasts with prior CBS and 450 (82.6%) without. NSM was more frequently utilized for breasts with prior CBS (P < .001). Complications occurred in 80 mastectomies (14.7%); reconstruction loss in 30 (5.5%). On multivariable analysis, age ≥ 50 (OR 1.76, 95%CI 1.01-3.09, P = .047) and NSM (OR 2.11, 95%CI 1.17-3.79, P = .013) were associated with an increased risk of any complication. Prior CBS was not associated with an increased risk of complications (OR 1.11, 95%CI 0.58-2.14, P = .743) or reconstruction loss (OR 1.32, 95%CI 0.51-3.38, P = .567).

      Conclusion

      In this analysis of mastectomy and IBR, prior CBS was not associated with an increased risk of complications or reconstruction loss. In patients with prior CBS undergoing mastectomy, IBR may be safely performed.

      Keywords

      Abbreviations:

      SSM (skin-sparing mastectomy), NSM (nipple-sparing mastectomy), IBR (immediate breast reconstruction), CBS (cosmetic breast surgery)
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