Original Study| Volume 23, ISSUE 2, P125-134, February 2023

Investigation of mRNA Expression Levels of Tip60 and Related DNA Repair Genes in Molecular Subtypes of Breast Cancer

Published:November 11, 2022DOI:



      Studies in breast cancer (BC) have been shown that many tumor cells carry mutations that disrupt the DNA damage response mechanism. In eukaryotic cells, the overexpression or deprivation of DSBs repair genes is linked closely to a higher risk of cancer.

      Patients and Methods

      In this study, mRNA expression levels of some genes, such as Tip60, ATM, p53, CHK2, BRCA1, H2AX, which are associated with DNA damage repair, were measured using RT-PCR method in tumor and matched-normal tissues of 58 patients with BC.


      According to the study results, 55% in Tip60, 59% in ATM, 57% in BRCA1, 48% in H2AX, 66% in CHK2, and 43% in p53 decreased in tumor tissue of patients compared to the matched normal tissue. When evaluated according to molecular subtypes, expression of all genes in the pathway was found significantly higher in normal tissues than in tumor tissues especially in Luminal B and Luminal B+HER2 groups. One of the most important results of the study is that CHK2 mRNA expressions in normal tissues were higher than tumor tissue in 90% of patients in Luminal B and Luminal B-HER2 + groups. This is the first study showing DNA repair genes’ expressions in molecular subtypes of breast cancer. In general, the decrease in the expression of DNA damage repair genes in tumor tissue indicates that these genes may have a role in the development of BC. Our study results also suggest that CHK2 may be a candidate marker in the molecular classification of breast cancer


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