With breast cancer as one of the frequent causes of cancer mortality today, the importance of ultrasound in its early detection has been apparent. It has been a valuable addition to the surgeon's diagnostic skills, contributing a vital role in clinical practice. We set out to determine the accuracy and value of breast ultrasound for primary imaging in women presenting with a clinically palpable mass in our outpatient clinic.
Materials and Methods
This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of a point-of-care breast ultrasound among patients who consulted at the University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital (UP-PGH) Breast Care Clinic for a palpable breast mass without prior histopathologic diagnosis. The overall diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were determined. Sonographic features were also identified, and multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to determine significant predictors of malignancy.
Eighty patients were reviewed and compared with their histopathology results. The overall accuracy of a surgeon-performed breast ultrasound was 86.2%, sensitivity of 91.4%, specificity of 82.2%, PPV of 80% and NPV of 92.5%. Indistinct borders, posterior enhancement, unilateral shadowing, heterogeneous echo pattern and deeper than wide anterior-posterior ratio are sonographic features associated with malignancy.
This study showed that a point-of-care ultrasound for a palpable breast mass is reliable with a relatively good accuracy rate. Performing breast ultrasound in the clinic will help the surgeon evaluate the extent of disease preoperatively and be guided as to the optimal surgical management for the patient.
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Published online: February 22, 2023
Accepted: February 7, 2023
Received in revised form: February 6, 2023
Received: January 3, 2023
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